Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) was launched on 2nd October 2014 with the objective of making all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in the country Open Defecation Free (ODF), scientific management of all Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated therein and change in behaviour. Under SBM-U, out of 4,372 ULBs across the country, 4,371 have been certified ODF, exceptfor one ULB of Purulia in West Bengal. Processing of MSW has increased from 18 per cent in 2014 to 70 per cent in 2021. Through a Jan Andolan approach, there is perceptible change in behaviour towards swachhata in urban areas.
Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM-U) 2.0 has been launched on 1st October, 2021 with a vision of achieving 100 per cent ‘Garbage Free’, status for all cities. The following specific objectives are targeted to be achieved under SBM-U 2.0.
(i). Ensuring cleanliness and hygiene in public places to make all cities clean and garbage free, with 100% scientific processing of MSW.
(ii). Reducing air pollution arising out of SWM activities, through effective management of C&D waste, and mechanical sweeping.
(iii). Phased reduction in use of single-use plastic.
(iv). Remediation of all legacy dumpsites.
The present status of progress of Solid waste Management (SWM) in various States, including Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, is at Annexure-I.
Under the first phase of Mission AMRUT, launched on 25th June, 2015 in 500 cities, the objective was to improve the sewerage coverage and septage management and providing safe drinking water universally, in all ULBs with population of one lakh or more (as per Census 2011), all Capital cities, all Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) cities, identified cities on the stem of the main rivers, hill states, islands and tourist destinations.
Under first phase of Mission AMRUT, steps were taken to provide water supply to every household includes, taking-up of 1,345 water supply projects worth ₹ 42,206 Crore, of which 1,326 projects worth₹ 41,847 Crore have been grounded. Against the target of providing 139 lakh water tap connections to achieve universal coverage, so far 114 lakh new water tap connections have been provided.
The second phase, i.e., AMRUT 2.0 has been launched on 1st October, 2021 with the following salient features:
(i). Universal coverage of water supply from 500 cities to about 4,800 statutory towns.
(ii). Focus on making the cities ‘self-reliant’ and ‘water secure’.
(iii). Universal coverage of sewerage and septage management in 500 AMRUT cities.
(iv). Target to provide 2.68 crore drinking water tap connections